Ten Vitamins and Minerals to Avoid Accidentally Overdosing On

Ten Vitamins and Minerals to Avoid Accidentally Overdosing On

While it can be tempting to add vitamins and supplements to your diet to boost your health and build a healthy lifestyle, it can sometimes be dangerous to do so without a doctor's supervision. Accidentally taking an incorrect dosage of some supplements can be extremely dangerous, and many vitamins are lethal if a child inadvertently gets the bottle and takes too many pills. The vitamins listed in this article are some of the most dangerous, of which patients should be careful to take no more than the recommended daily dosage.

Taking too much vitamin A on a regular basis can increase a patient's risk of fracturing a hip and may also cause damage to the liver and the nervous system. The most harmful form of vitamin A is palmitate or acetate, and the maximum safe dosage for these forms of vitamin A is 10,000 international units (IU) daily. Vitamin A from plant pigments is considered slightly safer, but the dosage should still be capped at around the same level.

Vitamin E can be safely consumed at levels up to 100 IUs per day. Above this limit, patients begin to enter the overdose stage and can develop symptoms such as fatigue and excessive bleeding. Most multivitamins contain safe levels of vitamin E, but if you're taking it as a separate supplement, monitor your dosage level carefully.

Niacin, a B vitamin that is essential to digestive function, is frequently used to help regulate cholesterol levels. Overdosing on this vitamin can cause flushed, tingling skin, hyperglycemia, and in the long term, illnesses like diabetes and gout. Patients who are using niacin on a regular basis should follow up with their physician to ensure that they are maintaining the proper dosage levels.

Iron supplements are another mineral that patients regularly overdose on accidentally. Safe dosages of iron for adults range from 8mg to 18mg, depending on sex, weight, and other factors. Too much iron in the system can cause constipation and may raise the risk of heart disease and cancer. This type of slight overdose has few long-term side effects, but major overdoses frequently occur in children who misuse multivitamins and are much more severe.

Zinc can be safely consumed at levels of up to 15mg per day. Above this dosage, health problems begin to develop. In high levels, zinc can weaken the body's immune system and may interfere with your ability to absorb copper.

B-complex vitamins are used for a variety of reasons, including managing anxiety and other mood issues. These supplements are a combination of several B vitamins, and an overdose can cause severe issues such as coordination problems, neuropathy, and other nervous system disorders.

Children's multivitamins are one of the most common and most dangerous vitamins that children overdose on. These vitamins often contain iron and may be brightly colored. Children can mistake them for candy, and if they take too many of them at once, they run the risk of iron poisoning or vitamin overdose. If your child takes more than the recommended dosage of a children's multivitamin, call the poison control center in your area immediately.

Prenatal vitamins pose many of the same risks as children's multivitamins but are less attractive to children. Pregnant women should be especially careful about taking their vitamins in the correct dosage.

Adult multivitamins contain a variety of vitamins, making treating an overdose of this type of pill a complex procedure. Overdosing on multivitamins can cause a wide variety of symptoms, depending on the specific formulation of vitamins the patient is taking.

Vitamin C overdose is typically not lethal but can make patients very uncomfortable. Overdosing on vitamin C generally causes severe diarrhea, intestinal discomfort, and nausea and vomiting. While these symptoms are less toxic than the symptoms caused by overdose of other supplements, they are still unpleasant. These vitamins are commonly taken to treat colds or boost the immune system.

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